An outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis among internally displaced persons from the Nineveh governorate reported by Duhok Preventive Health Department from 2015 to 2017

  • Berivan O. Rashid Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq.
  • Zeyad S. Al-Dabbagh Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq.
  • Sirwan M. Aswad Preventive Health Department, Duhok General Directorate of Health, Duhok, Iraq.
  • Samim A. Al-Dabbagh Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq.
  • Hadia N Al-Hayali Duhok General Directorate of Health, Duhok, Iraq.
Keywords: Outbreak, Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Displaced, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Abstract

Background and objective: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an endemic disease in Iraq, mainly in central and southern regions. The disease is, however, lower or rare in Kurdistan region of Iraq; which is situated to the north of the country. After the summer of 2014, there was a massive displacement of population to Kurdistan, mainly from the central region. The aim of this work was to investigate the outbreak reported by Duhok preventive health department among internally displaced persons from Ninewa to Duhok governorate between 2015-2017.

Methods: A cross sectional study design was conducted on the records of internally displaced persons from Nineveh governorate who were diagnosed clinically as cutaneous leishmaniasis by Duhok health authority. Information regarding age, gender, occupation, places of current residency, expected vector exposure, displacement date and status, number of lesions, and date of onset.

Results: A total of 451cases were reported during the study period. The mean age was 22.7±17.1 years, and about 69% of cases were in the age group of 5-44 years. The mean number and SD of lesions was 3.6 (±4.2), with a range of 1-35lesions. Three quarter of patients were off camps during diagnosis. Cases were mainly encountered in autumn. All, except 17, have suspected vector exposure outside Duhok governorate. No significant variation was noted regarding gender, age, occupation, urban/rural residency, and displacement status.

Conclusion: A significant outbreak has occurred in Duhok, an area not known to be endemic with the disease. Close surveillance and strict preventive measures are highly recommended.

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Published
2020-04-30
How to Cite
Rashid, B., Al-Dabbagh, Z., Aswad, S., Al-Dabbagh, S., & Al-Hayali, H. (2020). An outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis among internally displaced persons from the Nineveh governorate reported by Duhok Preventive Health Department from 2015 to 2017. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 24(1), 153-159. https://doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2020.018
Section
Original Articles