Intentional penetration of dental implants into the maxillary sinus: a retrospective study
Background and objective: Perforation of the maxillary sinus by a dental implant is
an issue of concern by many dental implant clinicians. This study aimed to assess the
success rate and consequences of dental implants emerging into the maxillary sinus.
Methods: The maxillary sinus was intentionally perforated for dental implant placement
in 35 patients with reduced posterior maxillary bone height (4 mm or more). A total of 70
implants engaged bicortically and emerged into the sinus. Nineteen female and 16 male
patients were involved in the study. The patients were followed up for sinus complications
and dental implant success.
Results: From the total, only two implants were failed; one during gingival former
placement and the other after loading by one year. No patient presented with sinusitis
clinically and radiographically. Three patients developed epistaxis just on the day of
surgery and became well after on.
Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, dental implant emergence into healthy
maxillary sinus is considered a safe and successful procedure.
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