Self-Perception of dental problems among intermediate school children in Abha, KSA
Keywords:Dental problems, Oral health and self-perceived
Background and objective: Oral health is one of the essential elements of the overall health status of the people. Dental hygiene and dental diseases concern to have a major public health problem. The aim of this study was to know the proportion self-perception of dental problems and their relation with the socio-demographic characteristics among female students at intermediate governmental schools in Abha.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among girls students of two intermediate government schools of Abha city during October 2016 to April 2017 academic year by using self-administered questionnaire and informed verbal consent was obtained, using simple random sampling techniques for choosing 400 students.
Results: Mean age of the students was 12.30±1.82, 163(41%) of students were 12-13 years of age and 200(50%) from 1st year of intermediate scholastic year. Almost all students belong to nuclear family system and 64%lived in rented houses. Working status of father and mothers was 94% and 53% respectively, 88% family’s monthly income >10000 SAR/per month, 203 (51%) fathers and 171 (43%) mothers had secondary school or higher education. Illiteracy was 13% among fathers and 19% among mothers. The proportion of self-perceived dental problems was 43% among students, malocclusion of teeth was most frequent while bad smell was the least frequent complaints among all dental problems. Only 38% of the students were considering dental problem as a serious problem. Dental problems were found to have significantly (P value <0.001) associated with age, scholastic year, father’s education and occupation, and income.
Conclusion: It is concluded that although prevalence of dental problems were higher but frequency of self-perceived problems were much lower which highlighted that there is need to increase the awareness of dental problems among population to have a better general health status.
Shah AH, Elhaddad SA. Oral hygiene behavior, smoking and perceived oral health problems among university students. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015; 5(4): 327–33. http//doi.org:10.4103/2231-0762.161765.
Farooqi FA, Khabeer A, Moheet IA, Khan SQ, Farooq I, Arrejaie AS. Prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and its relation with tooth brushing habits among schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2015; 36(6):737–42. http//doi.org: 10.15537/smj.2015.6.10888.
Najjar S, Nasim M, Al-Nasser L, Masuadi E. The Impact of Socio-Economic and Home Environmental Factors on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life Among Children Aged 11–14. Medicina. 2019; 55(11):722. http//doi.org:10.3390/medicina55110722.
Kapoor D, Gill S, Singh A, Kaur I, Kapoor P. Oral hygiene awareness and practice amongst patients visiting the Department of Periodontology at a Dental College and Hospital in North India. Indian J Dent. 2014; 5(2):64–8. http//doi.org: 10.4103/0975-962X.135262.
Silva MF, Leite FRM, Ferreira LB, Pola NM, Scannapieco FA, Demarco FF, et al. Estimated prevalence of halitosis: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Clin Oral Invest. 2018; 22:47–55. http//doi.org: 10.1007/s00784-017-2164-5.
Alhabdan YA, Albeshr AG, Yenugadhati N, Jradi H. Prevalence of dental caries and associated factors among primary school children: a population-based cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Environ Health Prev Med. 2018; 23(1):60. http//doi.org: 10.1186/s12199-018-0750-z.
Alsubaie ASR. Oral Health-Related Behaviors and Dental Pain among Childrenin Saudi Arabia. Journal of International Oral Health 2019; 11(1):1–7. http//doi.org: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_253_18.
Cruz JC, Wataha JC, Heaton LJ, Rothen M, Sobieraj M, Scott J, et al. The prevalence of dentin hypersensitivity in general dental practices in the northwest United States. J Am Dent Assoc. 2013; 144(3):288–96.
Fatani NH, Hammam MB, Oraif H, Taher S, Taju W, Bukhari O. Prevalence of Malocclusion among School children in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Maced J Med Sci. 2019; 7(5):856–61. http//doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.188
Kami MA. Perception of Dental Visits among Jazan University Students, Saudi Arabia. Int J Pharm SciInven. 2016; 5(7):35–8.
Buldur B, Güvendi ON. Conceptual modelling of the factors affecting oral health-related quality of life in children: A path analysis. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2019; 00:1–12. http//doi.org/10.1111/ipd.12583
Kolisa YM, Yengopal V, Igumbor J, Nqcobo CB, Ralephenya TRD. Systematic review of factors influencing oral health-related quality of life in children in Africa. Afr J Prm Health Care Fam Med. 2019; 11(1):a1943. https://doi.org/10.4102/ phcfm.v11i1.1943
Jin LJ, Lamster IB, Greenspan JS, Pitts NB, Scully C, Warnakulasuriya S. Global burden of oral disease: emerging concepts, management and interplay with systemic health. Oral Dis. 2016; 22(7):609–19. http//doi.org/10.1111.odi.12428.
Khodadadi E, Niknahad A, Sistani MM, Motallebnejad M. Parents' Oral Health Literacy and its Impact on their Children's Dental Health Status. Electron Physician. 2016; 8(12):3421–5. http//doi.org:10.19082/3421
Gudipaneni RV, Aldameshi RF, Patil SR, Alam MK. Prevalence of malocclusion and the need for orthodontic treatment among adolescents in the northern border region of Saudi Arabia: An epidemiological study. BMC Oral Health. 2018; 18(1):16.
Asiry MA. Occlusal status among 12-16 year-old schoolchildren in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Int Oral Health. 2015; 7(5):20.
Albarakati SF, Taher S. Malocclusion traits in Saudi females seeking orthodontic treatment. Pak Oral Dent J. 2010; 30:127–32.
Meer Z, Sadatullah S, Wahab MA, Mustafa AB, Odusanya SA, Razak PA. Prevalence of malocclusion and its common traits in Saudi males of Aseer region. J Dent Res Rev. 2016; 3:99–102. https://doi.org/10.4103/2348-2915.194834
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Fatima Riaz, Reham Mohammad Alshahrani, Ayoub Al Shaikh, Yahya Mudawi Alqahtani , Rishi kumar Bharti, Maram Mohammad Alshahrani , Esther Paul, S. Anandhalakhshmi , Shehata Farag , Jaswinder Singh (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright on any article published in Zanco J Med Sci is retained by the author(s) in agreement with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial ShareAlike License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).