A comparative study between lateral internal anal sphincterotomy and botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of chronic anal fissure

  • Abdulqadir M. Zngana Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Bawan Hiwa Department of General Surgery, Erbil Teaching Hospital, Erbil, Iraq
Keywords: Chronic anal fissure, Lateral internal sphincterotomy, Botulinum toxin, Complications

Abstract

Background and objective: The gold standard for the treatment of chronic anal fissure is lateral internal sphincterotomy. Botulinum toxin injection provides temporary alleviation of sphincter spasm and allows the fissure to heal. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of lateral internal sphincterotomy and botulinum toxin injection treatments in patients with uncomplicated chronic anal fissure.

Methods: A prospective comparative study was carried out at the surgical unit of Erbil teaching hospital, Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, from January 2017 to February 2018. Fifty-five patients were enrolled in this study. Five patients were excluded, and the remaining 50 patients were equally divided into two groups. Group A was managed with lateral internal sphincterotomy and group B with botulinum toxin. Postoperative pain relief, bleeding, fissure healing, incontinence, and relapse after six weeks and three months of follow-up were compared.

Results: One month after treatment, 12% of the lateral internal sphincterotomy group had bleeding, while none of the botulinum toxin group (P = 0.234). Two patients (8%) of the lateral internal sphincterotomy group had pain while one (4%) of the botulinum toxin group (P >0.999).Three months after treatment, 4% of the lateral internal sphincterotomy group had bleeding, while none of the botulinum toxin group (P >0.999). None of the lateral internal sphincterotomy group had pain while one (4%) of the botulinum toxin group (P >0.999). Regarding healing, 96% of the lateral internal sphincterotomy group healed, while 92% in the botulinum toxin group (P >0.999).

Conclusion: The outcome of lateral internal sphincterotomy and botulinum toxin were nearly the same, but lateral internal sphincterotomy required hospitalization, period off work, and risk of anesthesia. These risks were absent in botulinum toxin injection.

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Published
2021-08-09
How to Cite
Zngana, A., & Hiwa, B. (2021). A comparative study between lateral internal anal sphincterotomy and botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of chronic anal fissure. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 25(2), 513-519. https://doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2021.014
Section
Original Articles