Assessment of safe medication administration practice at a public hospital in Erbil City, Iraq


  • Kemal Surji Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.



Medication safety, Medication administration, Medication error, Patient wellbeing, Quality assurance


Background and objectives: Providing safe medication administration is a vital process in ensuring patients’ safety and enhancing their quality of life. This study aimed to observe medication delivery in a public hospital in Erbil city to identify and examine the different steps of the medication administration process for quality assurance and safe drug administration.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of inpatients within different units of a public hospital in Erbil city was conducted through a quantitative and qualitative study. Data from the direct observation forms were collected and recorded via Microsoft Access using descriptive approach (frequencies and percentages) for analysis. The areas of concern in the study were: medication labeling, the five right of medication administration, the use of worksheets, identifying patients, double check medication, and the presence of disruptions at the time of medication administration.

Results: Data was collected from 72 observations for analysis. The quantitative data illustrates that 79% of medications were not labeled correctly, 83% failure of the use of two patient identifiers, 90% of medication administrations did not meet the “Five Rights” criteria. The use of worksheet was 82% during medication administration; failure to double-check the infusions counted for 71%, and 85% of medication administrations that were observed involved certain interruptions.

Conclusion: This study highlights the areas of enhancement that are significant to quality healthcare reform to ensure patients safety and providing medication management in a safe manner. The poor areas of practice were identified as labeling, patient identifiers, Five Rights, documentation, double check of infusion medications, and interruptions at the time of scheduled medication administration.


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How to Cite

Surji, K. (2018). Assessment of safe medication administration practice at a public hospital in Erbil City, Iraq. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 22(3), 323–331.



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