The Effect of Placing 0.5% Bupivacaine-Soaked Gelfoam in the Gallbladder Bed on Pain after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy


  • Saeed Dakheel Saeed General surgeon, Shaqlawa Hospital.
  • Ali A. Al-Dabbagh General surgeon, Rizgary Teaching Hospital



Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Bupivacaine, Verbal rating scale (VRS)


Background and objective: Patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) experiences post operative abdominal pain. This study aimed to determine the character of pain after LC and its relief with 0.5% bupivacaine-soaked gelfoam placed in the gallbladder bed.

Methods: A prospective randomized, double blinded placebo-controlled study was conducted on 200 patients with chronic cholecystitis, patients were divided into four groups of 50 patients :group A (2 mg/kg 0.5% bupivacaine-soaked gelfoam kept in gallbladder bed), group B (2 mg/kg 0.5% bupivacaine infiltrated at trocar sites), group C ( 1/2 of the required dose of 2 mg/kg 0.5% bupivacaine infiltrated into the gallbladder bed and at trocar sites, and group D (normal saline in the gallbladder bed and at trocar sites). Postoperatively, the character of pain was noted, and its relief was assessed with verbal rating scale (VRS) scoring.

Results: 77.50% of the patients had visceral, 60.50% had parietal, and 23.50% had shoulder pain postoperatively. The visceral pain was significantly less in group A patients than in the control patients (p < 0.01),the mean VRS score at 4, 8, 12 and 24 h in the group A patients also was less than in control group D. Trocar-site infiltration alone was not effective in relieving the parietal pain.

Conclusion: Visceral pain is prominent after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and can be effectively controlled by 0.5% bupivacaine-soaked gelfoam in the gallbladder bed alone.


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How to Cite

Saeed, S. D., & Al-Dabbagh, A. A. (2009). The Effect of Placing 0.5% Bupivacaine-Soaked Gelfoam in the Gallbladder Bed on Pain after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 13(1), 24–30.



Original Articles