Nosocomial infection in a respiratory care unit in Baghdad, Iraq
Keywords:Nosocomial infection, respiratory care unit, infection control
Background and Objectives: A growing body of literature has shown that health careassociated infections are a major cause of patient’s illness and death in developing countries. In Iraq, the real concern in nosocomial infections started late. This work was carried out to assess hospital acquired infections in the respiratory care unit (RCU) in the Surgical Specialties Teaching Hospital, Baghdad.
Methods: Data were collected by reviewing the case records of patients admitted to RCU for two periods from Nov. 2003 to Oct. 2004, and Nov. 2004 to Oct. 2005, before and after the establishment of infection control committee.
Results: A total of 43 (44.8%) patients got nosocomial infection (NIs) out of the total admissions to RCU (96). No significant association between the implementation of guidelines and rate of NIs. A non significant increase in death rate in the 2nd period of the study, and no significant variation in type of isolated bacteria was noticed, also. Age of the patients, site of surgery, and type of surgery, acute respiratory failure and endotracheal intubation were significantly associated with rate of NIs (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Initial success of the infection control committee guidelines combined with ongoing efforts to more consistently implement simple and inexpensive measure for prevention, will lead to wider acceptance of infection control practices.
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