Comparison of Hysterosalpingography and Diagnostic Laparoscopy in the assessment of tubal patency for the investigation of subfertility

  • Nasreen Muhammed Taher Al-Altrushi College of medicin Sulaimaniea, Iraqu
  • Amanj Rahim Zangana Meterniti teaching Hospital Solaimaniea Iraque
Keywords: Infertility, Hystrosalpingography ( HSG ), Diagnostic Laparoscopy


Background: Infertility is common in our community . Infertility has become nowadays not only a medical, but a social problem as well .Fallopian tube problem is among one of the common causes of infertility. Hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy are used as a screening test for diagnosis of tubal patency .

Hysterosalpingography is an out patient X-ray procedure, has for many years been an invaluable procedure for the assessment of tubal pathology and intra-uterine pathology.

Laparoscopy is an invasive procedure used since 1944 by Raoul Palmer,of Paris for gynecological examination.

Aim: We aimed in this paper to explore the role of hystrosalpingography in the evaluation of tubal patency in the diagnosis of the cause of female infertility in our society and to reduce the need for laparoscopy .

Patients, materials and methods: One hundred fifty seven infertile women with fallopian tubes problem out of one thousand three hundred fifty patients who underwent HSG had given consent to undergo Laparoscopy in Sulaimaniea Maternity Teaching Hospital and in Hatwan Private Hospital during 2nd may. 2007 to 3rd may. 2008. For infertility not less than 2 years duration.

Results: 1350 infertile patients with age range ( 20 – 39 ys ) underwent HSG, 157 patients show pathology of the fallopian tubes. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed for them after the HSG procedure to confirm the abnormalities diagnosed by HSG. ,The results showed non insignificant difference P value, the HSG gave 92,4% sensitivity and 100% specificity, while laparoscopy showed 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity.

Conclusion:We conclude the feasibility of using HSG as a diagnostic method for investigating tubal patency in subfertile women when compared to the use of diagnostic laparoscopy.


Caranac W. Chana, Ernest H. Y. NG, O-Shan Tang, Karen K. L. Chan and Pak.Chong.HO, Comparison of three – dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography and diagnostic laparoscopy with chromopertubation in the assessment of tubal patency for investigation of infertility. Original article, Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2005 : 84:909 – 913

Perquin D.A.M. , Dorr P.J. , Craen and Helmerhorts F.M., Routine use of hysterosalpingography prior to laparoscopy to the fertility warkup : A multicentere randomized controlled trial . Humn Reproduction,2006; 21(5): 1227 – 1331

Palmer R and Seem K. History of Laparoscopy. Research article,2009; 1 – 3

Jorda M. Philillips. Laparoscopy for infertility. Research article. Advanced fertility center of Chigago.2009; 1 – 3. .

Willium L. Simpson , Jr,MD .Laura G. Beitia, MD. Jolinda Mester, MD .Hysterosalpingography. A Reemering study Radiographic 2006, 26:419 – 431.

Horwitz R.C, M.B., Morton P.C.G., Shaff M.I., A radiological approach to infertility – hysterosalpingography, British Journal of Radiology june ,1978; 252 – 262 ..

Edwaed E.Wallch.m.d. Theodore A.Baramki, Hysterosalpingography infertility and sterility ,American Reproductive Medicine,2005; 83(6)

Lousine Boyadzhan, MPhil, and Alan DeCherney ,Common causes of Misdiagnosis with Hysterosalpingography Los Angeles, CA 90095- 1740, 2005., 27 – 139 CHS,

Steven R. Lindheim, Casey Spraque, Thomas G.Winter,Hysteosalpingography and Sonography : Lessons in Techniqu ,AJR:2006; 186.

R KRAMER, phD, H J KHOURY, PHD, C LOPES and J W VIERA, phD Evaluate dose to organs and tissues in hysterosalpingography . Briritish Journal of Radiology , Jun 22, 2006 .dio, 10. 1259/bjr/61874579.

Anna Lia Vlintini, Ludovico Muyii, RiccardoMrana, Giovan Fiore Catalano. Improvement of Hysterosalpingographic Accuracy in the Diagnosis of Peritubal Adhesions, American Journal of Radiology AJR (2000 . 175, 1173 – 1176 ) .

DAVID SUTTON , MD . FRCP. FRCR DMRD. MCAR(Hon ) Gynecological imaging , TEXTBOOK OF RADIOLOGY AND IMMAGING London , UK,Churchil livingstone, 1998;vol 2 6th edition 1265 – 1270 .

PETER ARMSTRONG . MARIN L. WASTIE , ANDREA G. ROCKALL, Female Genital Tract, Diagnostic Imaging Text Book, Oxford,UK, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Blackwell Publishing Inc,2004, Fifth Edition , 272 – 273,.

How to Cite
Taher Al-Altrushi, N., & Zangana, A. (2018). Comparison of Hysterosalpingography and Diagnostic Laparoscopy in the assessment of tubal patency for the investigation of subfertility. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 14(3), 67 - 71. Retrieved from
Original Articles