The effect of regular exercise on blood pressure, serum glucose and lipid profile in females attending fitness centers

  • Suzan Sami Ali Assistant lecturer, dept. of physiology, College of Medicine, HMU.
Keywords: Exercise, blood pressure, lipid profile, overweight and obese women

Abstract

Background and objectives: Previous reports have shown that moderate-intensity regular exercise reduces blood pressure, also has beneficial effects on other biochemical parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of regular exercise on blood pressure and lipid profile in overweight or obese women.

Methods: Thirty five apparently healthy women participated in this study. Their age ranged from 22-46 years, most of them were overweight and obese. The exercise group met a Treadmill training program 2 km in half hour in J&K and Raeky fitness centers in Erbil city. The training group exercised at least three times per week. Blood pressure, heart rate, serum glucose and lipid profiles were monitored throughout 4 weeks of regular exercise.

Results: Regular exercise produced significant reductions in both blood pressure and heart rate (Systolic BP decreased from 123.57±3.76 to 113.93±3.52 mmHg, Diastolic BP decreased from 81.07±9.8 to 73.57±2.59mmHg). Highly significant reductions in total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein were observed, whereas no significant changes were detected in serum glucose, triglycerides and High density lipoprotein levels.

Conclusion: These data suggest that 4 weeks of regular exercise training in normal persons can result in significant reduction in blood pressure accompanied by favorable changes in lipid profile.

References

Williams B, Vaziri ND, Barnard RJ, Williams B, Poulter NR, Brown MJ et al . Guidelines for management of hypertension. Report of the fourth working party of the British Hypertension Society, 2004-BHS IV. J Hum Hypertens 2004; 18 (3):139-185.

Thompson PD, Buchner D, Pina IL, Balady G J, Williams MA, Marcus BH, et al. Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention)and the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity).Circulation 2003; 107: 3109-3116.

Whelton SP, Chin A, Xin X and He J. Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trails. Ann Intern Med 2002; 136(7): 493-503.

Choudhury A, and Lip GYH. Exercise and hypertension. Journal of Human Hypertension 2005; 19: 585-587.

Halbert JA, Silagy CA and Finucane P. The effectiveness of exercise training in lowering pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails of 4 weeks or longer. J Hum Hypertens 1997; 11: 641-649.

Fagard RH. Physical fitness and blood pressure. J Hypertens 1993; 11 (suppl 5): S47- S52.

Hinderliter A , Sherwood A, Gullette EC, Babyak M, Waugh R, Georgiades A, et al. Reduction of left ventricular hypertrophy after exercise and weight loss in overweight patients with mild hypertension. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162(12):1333-9.

Tsai JC, Yang HY, Wang WH, Hsieh MH, Chen PT, Kao CC, et al. The beneficial effect of regular endurance exercise training on blood pressure and quality of life in patients with hypertension. Clin Exp Hypertens 2004; 26(3): 255-265.

Roberts CK, Vaziri ND and Barnard RJ. Effect of diet and exercise intervention on blood pressure, insulin, oxidative stress and nitric oxide availability.Circulation 2002; 106(20):2530-2.

Casino PR, Kilcoyne CM, Quyyumi AA, Hoeg JM and Panza JA. The role of nitric oxide in endothelium- dependent vasodilatation of hypercholesterolemic patients. Circulation 1993; 88:2541-7.

Good GK and Heagerty AM, In vitro responses of human peripheral small arteries in hypercholesterolemia after effects of therapy. Circulation 1995; 91:2898-2903.

Good GK, Miller JP and Heagerty AM. Hyperlipidaemia, hypertension and coronary heart disease. Lancet 1995; 345:362-364.

Hall JE. Renal and Cardiovascular mechanism of hypertension in obesity. Hypertension 1994; 23:381-394.

Walden TA, Anderson DA and foster GD. Tow- year changes in 10% reduction in initial weight: some finding and some questions. Obes. Res.1999; 7:170-178[medline].

Mertens IL and Van Gall LF. Overweight, obesity and blood pressure: the effects of modest weight loss. Obes. Res. 2000; 8: 270-278. (medline).

Kushnick MR. Lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in response to treadmill walking at tow level of caloric expenditure. A comparison of Black and white American men. M.Sc. thesis 2003.The Florida state university.

NCEP, National Cholesterol Education Program. The exercise &cholesterol controversy. JAMA 1993; 269(23):3015-23.

Durstine JL and Haskell WL. Effects of exercise training on plasma lipids and lipoproteins. Exercise and Sports Science Reviews 1994; 22: 477-522.

Aziz J, Siddiqui NA, Siddiqui IA, and Omair A. Relation of body mass index with lipid profile and blood pressure in young healthy students at Ziauddin medical university. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2003; 15(4):1-3.

Barengo NC, Hu G, Lakka TA, Pekkarinen H, Nissinen A and Tuomilehto J. Low physical activity as a predictor for total and cardiovascular disease mortality in middle-aged men and women in Finland. Eur Heart J 2004; 25(24): 2204-11.

Fisch FA. Manual of laboratory and diagnostic test. 17th ed. 2004. Lippincolt Williams and wilkins. USA.

Manolio TA, Burke GL, Savage PJ, Sidney S, Gardin JM and Oberman A. Exercise blood pressure response and 5-year risk of elevated blood pressure in a cohort of young adults. The CARDIA study. Am J Hypertens 1994; 7: 234-241.

william F and Ganong MD. Review of Medical physiology. 26th ed. 2005; USA.

Guyton AC and Hall JE. Text book of medical physiology .11th ed. 2006; India.

Sally E, Brett BN, James M, Ritter FR, Philip J, and Chowienczyk FR. Diastolic blood pressure changes during exercise positively correlate with serum cholesterol and insulin resistance. Circulation 2000; 101: 611.

Kally GA, and Kelly KS. Progressive resistance exercise and resting blood pressure. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails. Hypertension 2000; 35: 838-843.

Wilson JR and Kapoor SC. Contribution of prostaglandins to exercise- induced vasodilation. Am J physiol 1993; 265: H171- H175.

Gilligan DM, panaza JA, Kilcoyne CM, Walclawiw MA, Casino PR and Quyyumi AA. Contribution of endothelium- derived nitric oxide to exercise –induced vasodilation. Circulation 1994; 90:2853-8.

Lippi G, Schena F, Salvagno GL, Montagnana M, Ballestrieri F, et al. Comparison of the lipid profile and lipoprotein (a) between sedentary and highly trained subject. Clin Chem Lab Med 2006; 44(3):322-326.

Kendra P and Bharti V. Effect of daily exercise on blood pressure plasma glucose and obesity measurements in 55-64 years old obese Indian men. American Journal of Human 2006; 18(5): 718-721.

Sharma AM, Mascitelli I, Pezztta F, Sletz CA. Effect of exercise on plasma lipoprotein. NEJM 2003; 448(15): 1494-6.

Edward S, Saikrupa D, Alice H, Gerard D, Alberto C, Ernst J, et al. An oat-containing hypo caloric diet reduces systolic blood pressure and improves lipid in men and women. Journal of Nutrition 2001; 131:1465-1470.

El-Yassin HD, Hasso NMA and Al-Rubayi HA. Lipid profile and lipid peroxidation pattern pre and post exercise in coronary artery disease. Turk J Med Sci 2005; 35:223-8.

Nemet D, Barkan S, Epstein Y, Fridland O, Kowen G, et al. Short- and long term beneficial effects of a combined dietary behavioral. Physical activity intervention for the treatment of childhood obesity. Pediatrics 2005; 115(4): e 443-e 449.

Published
2018-10-25
How to Cite
Ali, S. (2018). The effect of regular exercise on blood pressure, serum glucose and lipid profile in females attending fitness centers. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 14(3), 25 - 32. Retrieved from https://zjms.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/zjms/article/view/467
Section
Original Articles