Assessment of Postpartum Depression among Mothers Attending Primary Health Care Centers in Hawler City

  • Sawza Hamid Ramadan Albotany Department of Psychiatric Nursing , College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Twana Abdulrahman Rahim Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
Keywords: Depression, Postpartum, Risk Factors


Background and objectives: Postpartum depression is a global, life-threatening disorder which affects particular mothers in their post-natal periods. It’s regarded to be one of the major disabling conditions of motherhood. We aimed to study the rate of, as well as assessing a group of psycho-obstetrical risk factors behind postpartum depression.
Methods: 98 newly gave-birth mothers were recruited with mean age of 27.07 year between the periods of November 2009 to February 2010. Edinburg Post-natal Depression Scale was adopted by authors for the assessment of postpartum depression. Comparisons on groups of demographic, obstetrical, and psychological data were done between both positive and negative mothers for the disorder.
Results: 39.8% of mothers were diagnosed as postpartum depression. For which, no particular demographic factors were significantly predictive for. Depressed mothers were of significant higher mean number of gestation with p value of 0.0472. However, no other obstetrical factors revealed back statistical significant differences. Past history of depres-sive disorders, whether post-natal or not, was significant predictor for current postpartum depression with p value of 0.02 for history of previous postpartum depression, and p value of 0.042 for non postpartum depressive disorders.
Conclusion: Postpartum depression is highly prevalent in our society. History of depres-sive disorders is a strong predictor for future postpartum disorder. However, there were no clear correlation between postpartum depression and other demographic and obstetrical data apart from the mean number of gestation.


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How to Cite
Ramadan Albotany, S., & Rahim, T. (2018). Assessment of Postpartum Depression among Mothers Attending Primary Health Care Centers in Hawler City. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 16(1), 58-64.
Original Articles