Knowledge and practice about diabetes among adult diabetic patients in Erbil, Iraq
Keywords:Knowledge, Practice, Diabetes, Diabetic Patients, Erbil
AbstractBackground and objective: Successful management of diabetes requires high degree of patient participation; this can be achieved by providing diabetic person with the knowledge and skills to perform self care on a day-to-day basis. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of diabetic patients about diabetes in Erbil city. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period of April 2011 to April 2012 at Shahid Layla Qasm health center for diabetic care in Erbil city. The study involved a convenience sample of 400 diabetic patients aged ≥ 18 years old, both male and female. A specially designed questionnaire was used for data collection, which included socio-demographic characteristic of patients and other questions related to knowledge and practice about diabetes. SPSS was used for data entry and analysis. Results: Out of 400 study subjects, 18 (4.5%) had good knowledge score, 209 (52.3%) had acceptable knowledge score, and 137 (43.3%) had poor knowledge score about the diabetes. A statistically significant association was found between knowledge levels and age of patients (P=0.02). This study also showed that, only 51 (12.8%) of patients had good practices, while 213 (53.3%) of them had acceptable practices and 136 (33.9%) had bad practices. A statistically significant association was found between practice levels with occupation (non manual skilled or semiskilled); (P value <0.001) and educational level (institute and more); (P value <0.001). Conclusion: The rate of knowledge and practice was significantly associated with participants’ occupation and educational level. Those with low and acceptable knowledge had better practice than those who had good knowledge about diabetes.
Frier BM, Fisher B. Diabetes mellitus. In: Nicki R, Brisn R, Stuart H, (editors). Davidson᾽s principles & practice of Medicine. 21st Ed. Edinburgh. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2010. P. 795-834.
Fried L. Epidmiology of aging. Epidemiology Reviews 2000; 22:95-106.
Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H: Global prevalence of diabetes estimated for the years 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 2004; 27(5):1047-63.
Christensen DL, Friis H, Mwaniki D, Kilonzo B, Tetens I, Boit M, et al. Prevalence of glucose intolerance and associated risk factors in rural and urban populations of different ethnic groups in Kenya. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2009; 84(3): 303-10.
Mengel MB. Diabetes mellitus. In: Schwiebert L, (editor). Family Medicine Ambulatory Care &Prevention. 4th Ed. New York: McGaw-Hill; 2005. P. 476-83.
Shaw JE, Sicree RA, Zimmet PZ. Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 &2030. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2010; 87:4-14.
American Diabetes Association. Diabetes mellitus and exercise. Diabetes Care 1997; 20:1908–12.
Mohan D, Raj D, Shanthiram CS. Awareness and Knowledge of diabetes in Chennai-The Chennai urban rural epidemiology study. J Assoc Physicians India 2005; 53:283-5.
KRSO. Kurdistan region population according to survey carried out by UNWFP at 2007, Erbil. Erbil statistical Department, 2007.
Palaian S, Acharya LD, Madhva Rao P, Shankar P, Nair N, Nair N P. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Outcomes: Evaluating the Impact of Counseling in Hospitalized Diabetic Patients in India. Pharmacy & Therapeutics Journal 2006; 31:382-95.
Upadhyay D, Palaian S, Shankar R, Mishra P. Knowledge, attitude and practice about Diabetes among Diabetes patients in Western Nepal. Rawal Med J 2008; 33(1):8-11.
Lewis RK, Lasack NL, Lambert BL, Conner SE. Patient counseling: A focus on maintenance therapy. Am J Health Syst Pharm 1997; 54: 2084-95.
Saadia Z, Rushdi S , Alsheha M, Saeed H, Rajab M. A Study of Knowledge Attitude and Practices of Saudi Women Towards Diabetes Mellitus. A (KAP) Study in Al-Qassim Region. I J H 2010; 11(2):1-7.
Ambigapathy R, Ambigapathy S, Ling HM. A knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) study of diabetes mellitus among patients attending Klinik Kesihatan Seri Manjung. NCD Malaysia 2003; 2:6-16.
Maina W K, Ndegwa Z M, Njenga EW, Muchemi EW. Knowledge, attitude and practices related to diabetes among community members in four provinces in Kenya. AJDM 2011; 19(1):15-8.
Puepet FH, Mijinyawa BB, Akogu I, Azara I. Knowledge, attitude and practice of patients with Diabetes Mellitus before and after educational intervention in Jos, Nigeria. Journal of Medicine in the Tropics 2007; 9(1):3-10.
Shah V, Kamdar P, Shah N. Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practice of type 2 diabetes among patients of Saurashtra region, Gujarat. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries 2009; 29(3): 118-22.
Rafique G, Azam SI, White F. Diabetes knowledge, beliefs and practices among people with diabetes attending a university hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. E M H J 2006; 12(5):590-8.
Manus-Ruth Mc, Stitt L, Bargh G. Population survey of Diabetes knowledge and protective behaviours. Can J Diabetes 2006; 30(3):256-63.
Eknithiset R. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of diabetes mellitus type 2 patients in multidisciplinary program at diabetes mellitus clinic, phanomphrial hospital, phanomphrai district, Roi-Et province, Thailand J Health Res 2010; 24(2):87-92.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2014 Triska Kamal Khurshid, Samir Mahmood Othman (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright on any article published in Zanco J Med Sci is retained by the author(s) in agreement with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial ShareAlike License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).