Disability assessment of diabetic patients in Erbil city

  • Dara Abdulla Al-Banna Department of nursing, college of nursing, Hawler medical university, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Saadia Ahmed Khuder Department of nursing, college of nursing, Hawler medical university, Erbil, Iraq.
Keywords: Disability, Assessment, Diabetic patients

Abstract

Background and objectives: The disabling effects of diabetes mellitus are multi-factorial, which can result in the high prevalence of long term complications. The aim of this study was to assess disability levels of diabetic patients. Methods: A quantitative design descriptive study was conducted in Leila Qasim Center in Erbil City in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq from February 2012 to February 2013. A non-probability purposive sample of 400 diabetic patients for more than 5 years was selected. A questionnaire was designed and divided into three parts: sociodemographic data, clinical data, and the standardized questionnaire developed by World Health Organization for disability assessment. Results: The highest percentage (57%) of diabetic patients had a moderate level of disability, while 23% had a mild level of disability. Severe level of disability was present in 20% of sample. No one had not disability or extreme level of disability. Conclusion: More than half of diabetic patients were in the moderate level of disability.

References

Tripathi BK, Srivastava AK. Diabetes mellitus: Complications and therapeutics. Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(7):130-47.

Kakel D, Khoshnaw H, Albustany DA. Report on a center for diabetes care in Hawler in Kurdistan Region. Erbil; 2008. (Accessed February 21, 2012 at www.kuma.org.uk).

Dooski E. Rising rates of diabetes in Kurdistan a cause for concern. Kurdish globe 2011. (Accessed October 28, 2012 at http://www.kurdishglobe. net/display article.html?id=2727C389F2E01EE69789 19CE5C9E39A).

Rathmann W, Giani G. Global Prevalence of Diabetes: Estimates for the Year 2000 and Projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 2004; 27(10):2568-9.

International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes Atlas. 15th ed, Brussels; 2011. (Accessed November 9, 2012 at http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas/ ).

Al Snih S, Fisher M, Raji M, Markides K, Ostir G, Goodwin J. Diabetes Mellitus and Incidence of Lower Body Disability among Older Mexican Americans. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2005; 60(9):1152–6.

Gibson Ph. Definition of Disability. England. Northern Ireland; 2007. P. 3-4.

Ryerson B, Tierney E, Thompson T, Engelgau M, Wang J, Gregg E, et al. Excess Physical Limitations among Adults with Diabetes in the U.S. Population. Diabetes Care 2003; 26(1): 206-10.

Gregg E, Mangione C, Cauley J, Thompson T, Schwartz A, Ensrud K, et al. Diabetes and Incidence of Functional Disability in Older Women. Diabetes Care 2002; 25(1):61-7.

Maty S, Fried L, Volpato S, Williamson J, Brancati F, Blaum C. Patterns of disability related to diabetes mellitus in older women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2004; 59(2):148-53.

Araoye MO. Research Methodology with Statistics for Health and Social science. Nigeria: Nathadex publisher Irion; 2003. 1st ed. P. 118-9.

World Health Organization. World report on disability. Switzerland: Publications of the WHO; 2011. (Accessed April 18, 2012 at www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/en/index.html).

Ustün T, Chatterji B, Kostanjsek N, Rehm J, Kennedy C, Jordan J, et al. Developing the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Bull World Health Organ. 2010; 88(11):815–23.

Ellison S, Barwick V, Farrant T. PEARSON’S R, CHI-SQUARE, T-TEST, AND ANOVA, Practical Statistics for the Analytical Scientist. 1st ed. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry; 2008. P. 120-4.

Motulsky H. Intuitive Biostatistics: A Nonmathematical Guide to Statistical Thinking. 2nd ed. USA: Oxford University Press; 2010.

Choi BC, Shi F. Risk factors for diabetes mellitus by age and sex: results of the National Population Health Survey. Diabetologia 2001; 44(10): 1221-31.

Al-Maskari F, El-Sadig M. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the United Arab Emirates. BMC Ophthalmology 2007;7(11).

Mansour AA. Chronic Complications of Diabetes in Iraq: Experience from Southern Iraq. Clin Med Insights Endocrinol Diabetes; 2009(2):89-97.

Corsi DJ, Subramanian SV. Association between socio-economic status and self-reported diabetes in India. BMJ OPEN 2012; 2(e000895). (Accessed November 26, 2012 at http://bmjopen.bmj.com/).

Ovbiagele B, Markovi D, Fonarow G. Recent US Patterns and Predictors of Prevalent Diabetes among Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients. Cardiology Research and Practice. 2011; 2011(145615).

Rodbard H, Green A, Fox K, Grandy S. Trends in Method of Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Int J Endocrinol ; 2009(796206).

Abdulrahman MA. Risk Factors Survey for Non-Communicable Diseases in Duhok City. Duhok Med J 2010; 4(2): 69-83.

Agardh E, Allebeck P, Hallqvist J, Moradi T, Sidorchuk1 A. Type 2 diabetes incidence and socio-economic position. Oxford University Press 2011; 2011(40):804-18.

American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care 2003; 26(1):533-50.

Kumari M, Head J, Marmot M. Social and Other Risk Factors for Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the Whitehall II Study Free. Arch Intern Med 2004; 164(17):1873-80.

Arafa NSh, Amin GhE. The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus in Egypt: Results of a National Survey. The Egyptian Journal of Community Medicine 2010; 28(3):29-43.

Akhter A, Fatema K, Afroz A, Bhowmik B, Ali L, Hussain A. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and its Associated Risk Indicators in a Rural Bangladeshi Population. Open Diabetes J 2011; 4:6-13.

Shaikh MKh, Devrajani BR, Shaikh A, Ali-Shah SZ, Shaikh S, Singh D. Plasma Homocysteine Level in Patients with Diabetes mellitus. World Appl Sci J; 16(9):1269-73.

He B, Wei L, Gu Y, Han J, Li M, Liu Y, et al. Factors Associated with Diabetic Retinopathy in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Int J Endocrinol; 2012 (2012) ID 157940.

Bruce DG. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and disability. U.S.: Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange, 2010. (Accessed April 27, 2012 at cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/en/article/289/).

Korff M, Katon W, Lin E, Simon G, Ciechanowski P, Ludman E, et al. Work Disability among Individuals with Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2005; 28(6):1326-32.

Published
2018-09-19
How to Cite
Al-Banna, D., & Khuder, S. (2018). Disability assessment of diabetic patients in Erbil city. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 19(1), 902_909. https://doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2015.0010
Section
Original Articles