Daily living activities among geriatric residents at geriatric homes in Erbil and Sulaimaniyah cities, Kurdistan Region


  • Sideeq Sadir Ali Department of Adult Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Jawdat Mamand Alhagbaker Department of Community Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Nazar P. Shabila Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.




Activities, Daily living, Geriatric, Dependency, Independency, Kurdistan


Background and objective: Maintaining the ability to perform basic self-care activities by the older adults is fundamental to maintaining their independence and quality of life. This study aimed to assess the level of functional dependency of the residents of geriatric homes in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah cities.

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 94 older adults living in geriatric homes in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah cities. Data was collected on the socio-demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, social issues and daily recreation activities of the participants using a questionnaire. Nine essential activities of daily living were assessed through a three-point Likert scale of independent, requires assistance and dependent.

Results: The mean and standard deviation age of the participants was 71.88 ± 8.94 years (range 60-81 years). Around half (43.6%) of the participants had at least one dependent activity. The level of dependency was highest in shopping, climbing stairs and bathing activities. Dependency of activities of daily living was significantly (P <0.001) higher in females than males; in illiterate and those read and write than primary school graduates and secondary school and higher level graduates; in those self-employed before entering geriatric home than retired and unemployed; and in ex-smokers and non-smokers than smokers.

Conclusion: The level of independency in the different daily living activities was relatively high, which might be attributed to having a younger age group of elderly in the geriatric homes. Dependency was significantly associated with the sex, education level, employment status and smoking status of the participants.


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How to Cite

Ali, S. S., Alhagbaker, J. M., & Shabila, N. P. (2017). Daily living activities among geriatric residents at geriatric homes in Erbil and Sulaimaniyah cities, Kurdistan Region. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 21(1), 1619–1628. https://doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2017.012



Original Articles