Healthcare providers’ knowledge on rotavirus vaccine at selected primary ‎healthcare centers in Erbil City


  • Kaify Jamil Qadir Department of Pediatric Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.



Healthcare Providers, Knowledge, Rotavirus Vaccine


Background and objective: Rotavirus gastroenteritis is the most common cause of acute dehydrating diarrhoea among children younger than five years and globally the most important cause of severe diarrhea in this age group. Most children acquire rotavirus infection before they turn two years of age. Rotavirus vaccination can prevent rotavirus infection. This study aimed to assess healthcare providers' knowledge regarding rotavirus vaccine.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 100 healthcare providers at four healthcare centers (Azady, Tayrawa, Mala Fandi and Zhyian), during July to August 2014. Data were collected through the use self-reporting questionnaire format, which was developed for the purpose of the study. A socio-demographic sheet was also constructed to determine characteristics of the subjects.  

Results: Most of the healthcare providers were in the‎ age group 33-42 years old (31%), 51%, were male, 80% were married, 56% were graduated from the institute, half of them had work experience between 2-11 years and 29% were working in ‎vaccination room. Fifty-four (54%) of healthcare providers had average knowledge while 24 (24%) and 22 (22%) of them had a poor and good knowledge, respectively‎.

Conclusion: More than half of healthcare providers had average knowledge regarding rotavirus vaccine


Metrics Loading ...


Susan LW, Shelton MH. Maternal-child nursing care optimizing outcomes for Mothers Children families, 1st ed. Philadelphia: FA Davis Company; 2009. P. 779.

World Health Organization. Global Immunization news: Introduction of Haemophilus Influenzae Type B and Rotavirus Vaccines in Expanded Programme on Immunization in Iraq. 2012. Available from: Accessed at 1st September 2014.

Abdulrazzaq A, Aljeboory SK, Abdul Kareem S, Klena J. Two different diagnostic methods for detection of rotavirus in Iraqi young Children. Al-Anbar J Vet Sci 2011; 4(1):52.

Ahmed H M, Coulter J BS, Nakagomi O, Hart CA, Zaki JM, Al-Rabaty AA, et al. Molecular Characterization of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Strains, Iraqi Kurdistan. Emerge Infect Dis 2006; 12(5):824.

Alrifai SB, Alsaadi A, Mahmood YA, Ali AA, Al-Kaisi LA. Prevalence and etiology of ‎nosocomial diarrhea in children < 5 years in Tikrit teaching hospital. E Mediterr Health J 2009; ‎‎15 (5):1113.‎

Hussein AM, Hassan MK. Rotavirus Infection among Hospitalized Children with Acute Watery Diarrhea in Basrah – Iraq. Bahrain Medical Bulletin 2000; 22 (4): 2.

Alani QA, Al-Rawi SA, Salih AK, Al-Mawla SO. Common Rota Virus Gastroenteritis in Children under 5 Years in Maternity and Children Teaching Hospital, western Iraq. Anb Med J 2012; 10 (1): 2.

AL- Khafaji Y AR, AL-Jiboury HJ. ‎Detection of Rotavirus in diarrhea stool samples of children with acute gastroenteritis in Babylon governorate, Iraq Int Res J Microbiol 2013; 4(3): 85.

Abood WS, Al-Juboury SA, Al-Rodhan M A. The molecular epidemiology of rotavirus strains causing gastroenteritis in infant in the region of Mid Iraq. AL-Qadisiya Journal Vet Med Sci 2013; 12(1):123.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Rotavirus Vaccine - Questions & Answers; 2011. available from: . Accessed at 20th November 2013.

Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization, Detailed Review Paper on Rotavirus Vaccines; 2009. available from: Accessed at 20th November 2013.

Cattaneo R, Engert SF, Gray D, Vineyard Ch. “Immunization Training Guide & Practice Procedure Manual For Pediatricians, Physicians, Nurse Practitioners, Physician Assistants, Nurses, Medical Assistants, and Office Manager, By American Academy of Pediatrics”; 2012). PP. 12-13. Available from: Accessed at 17th July 2013. Formula for percentage; 2015. Available from: . Accessed at 23rd July 2015.

Nnenna TB, Maduka U, Babatunde OI, Ihuarula E Ch, Anyele UN. Knowledge of Rotavirus Disease among Healthcare Providers and Their Acceptance of Rotavirus Vaccines in South-East, Nigeria. J Vaccines Vaccin 2013; S1:1005.

Simpson E, Wittet S, Bonilla J, Gamazina K, Cooley L, Winkler JL. “Use of formative research in developing a knowledge translation approach to rotavirus vaccine introduction in developing countries”. BMC Public Health 2007; 7:281.




How to Cite

Qadir, K. J. (2016). Healthcare providers’ knowledge on rotavirus vaccine at selected primary ‎healthcare centers in Erbil City. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 20(2), 1304–1309.



Original Articles